Australian Bulldog: Your Complete Guide To Aussie Bulldog

The Australian Bulldog, also known as the Aussie Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, is a breed that’s been developed in Australia to suit the unique climate and conditions. If you’re considering adding an Australian Bulldog to your family, you’ll find them to be loyal, affectionate companions with a sturdy build and a friendly demeanor. They were specifically bred to have the lovable characteristics of the traditional Bulldog but with fewer of the health issues that can affect the breed.

Not only do Australian Bulldogs have a distinctive and robust appearance, but they also exhibit a personality that’s both gentle and protective. Due to their moderate exercise needs and sociable nature, Aussie Bulldogs are quite adaptable to various living situations, as long as they have sufficient space to roam and play. Their manageable grooming requirements and diet that’s similar to other medium-sized breeds make the Australian Bulldog an appealing choice for potential dog owners.

While not yet officially recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC), there are dedicated registers and breed clubs that maintain breed standards and support the breed’s development. Breeders are continuously working to refine the Australian Bulldog, focusing on health, temperament, and appearance to ensure it meets the breed standard set by these organizations.

So, What Is An Australian Bulldog? Breed Overview

The Australian Bulldog, often referred to as the Aussie Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, is a robust and athletic breed with a history rooted in Australia. This breed is recognized for its strong build, exceptional family-oriented temperament, and ongoing development by dedicated breeders within Australasia.

Other Names

The Australian Bulldog is also known as the Aussie Bulldog and the Australasian Bosdog. These terms are commonly used by breed enthusiasts and generally refer to the same breed developed in Australia.

The development of the Australian Bulldog began in the late 20th century, with breeders such as Pip Nobes and a couple named Noel and Tina Green having significant involvement. Their goal was to create a breed similar to the English Bulldog but more suited to the Australian climate and lifestyle.

Key Takeaways

  • The Australian Bulldog is a devoted pet well-suited to Australia’s climate.
  • This breed is friendly, adaptable, and requires moderate exercise and grooming.
  • Australian Bulldogs need a balanced diet and proper socialization for a healthy life.

Aussie Bulldog Origin and History

What breeds make an Australian Bulldog?

Ancestral Breeds

The Australian Bulldog, affectionately known as the Aussie Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, owes its existence to a collective vision by dedicated breeders. This new breed, initially shaped by Tina and Noel Green, emerged from decades of meticulous breeding and the merging of bulldog-type lines. Your Aussie Bulldog’s ancestry includes efforts to maintain the cherished traits of its kin while adapting to Australian climates.

Historical Significance

This dog breed’s journey began in 1997, crafted with the aim of mirroring the bulldog’s loyal and companionable nature yet reshaped to thrive under the Australian sun. The Australian Bulldog Club of Australia (ABCA) was founded to record the heritage of these dogs, fostering a community united in developing the breed.

The Breed Today

Today, your Aussie Bulldog is distinctive for its strong, square head with a wide muzzle and a clear gap between its eyes reflecting its remarkable lineage. Aussie Bulldog breeders aim for a robust build, breeding males to reach about 18/20 inches and females slightly shorter, hoping to also achieve better birthing capabilities in females through longer body conformation.

Kennel Club Recognition

The quest for official recognition is ongoing, as the ABCA and its members tirelessly advocate for ANKC recognition. Each Aussie Bulldog is accompanied by a breed certificate, a testament to the breed’s legitimate and careful cultivation.

Your Aussie Bulldog’s popularity continues to soar, with its capable stamina and engaging personality winning hearts. As an owner, you’ll find them to be water enthusiasts and affectionate companions that may need a gentle nudge to abandon their cozy beds for the chilly outdoors. Their alertness and intelligence could make them dependable watchdogs as they mature, and their eagerness to learn makes training at home a rewarding endeavor. You’re encouraged to undertake professional obedience training for this loyal, intelligent breed to hone their skills further.

Physical Characteristics

The Australian Bulldog, also known as the Aussie Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, is a breed with distinct and robust physical traits. Starting with their size and build, they’re compact and muscular dogs. Their appearance features a broad, square head and their coat comes in various colors and patterns, notable for being short and waterproof.

Size and Build

Height45 – 50 cm (18 – 20 inches)43 – 48 cm (17 – 19 inches)
Weight28 – 35 kg (61 – 77 pounds)22 – 28 kg (48 – 61 pounds)

The Australian Bulldog presents a sturdy and harmonious build. Your male Aussie Bulldog will generally be heftier than their female counterparts, who are slightly smaller to assist in better whelping ability.


An Australian Bulldog’s appearance exudes strength and confidence, with a square and broad head that is proportionate to the body. Their deep, defined stop and broad jaws contribute to their characteristic look. The ears are of moderate size, set wide and forward on the head, either square-shaped or with a rosie tuck. Eyes are set wide apart and can come in any shade, with a preference for the non-blue range. Good nostril openness is essential for healthier breathing.

Coat and Color

The coat of an Aussie Bulldog is short and should feel waterproof, not thick or harsh. As for colors, they boast an impressive range. You can find Australian Bulldogs in all shades of brindles, from blue brindle to a spectrum of reds, fawn, white, pied, and tan. Uncommon but acceptable colors include solid black, tri-color, and sable. More unique hues have been observed, like Isabella, apricot, cinnamon, chocolate, and mahogany. For variation, dapple pied coloring is seen along with combinations of black and white or blue and white. Their nose color may vary from black to chocolate, blue, liver, or caramel.

Learn more about breed standard details, including specific characteristics and temperament. This tactile and resilient coat paired with a striking palette inadvertently makes Australian Bulldogs not just companions but also a visually appealing breed.

Temperament and Personality

When you bring an Australian Bulldog into your life, you’re getting a dog known for a pleasant demeanor, well-suited to families, and generally good with pets.

General Disposition

The Aussie Bulldog, also known as the Australian Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, typically has a confident and laid-back temperament. You’ll find this breed to be quite friendly and loyal, often forming strong bonds with their family members. Their intelligence is notable and they usually display a keen enthusiasm for life.

Interaction with Children and Other Pets

Australian Bulldogs are known to be family-friendly. They can make great playmates for kids due to their patient and protective nature. When socialized properly, the Aussie Bulldog usually gets along well with other pets and can be a great addition to a house with multiple canines. Always remember to supervise playtime to ensure everyone stays safe and happy.

  • With children: Patient and gentle.
  • With other dogs: Social and companionable when properly introduced.

Common Behavioral Traits

While naturally intelligent, the Australian Bulldog can sometimes show a stubborn streak during training sessions. Consistent leadership and positive reinforcement training methods are key. Their trainability is high with the right approach, fostering both obedience and proper behavior. An Aussie Bulldog’s enthusiasm to please can make training a rewarding experience for you and your dog.

  • Intelligence: Smart, but may require engaging training techniques.
  • Stubbornness: A firm, consistent approach to training is critical.
  • Enthusiasm: Eager to participate in family activities.

Health and Lifespan

Now, is the Aussie Bulldog really healthier than a normal Bulldog?

Average Lifespan

The Australian Bulldog typically has a lifespan of around 10 to 12 years. Much like other breeds, your Aussie Bulldog’s longevity can be influenced by genetics, diet, and overall care.

Common Health Issues

Your Bulldog might experience several health problems during its lifetime. Hip dysplasia, a genetic condition where the thigh bone doesn’t fit snugly into the hip joint, is one such condition that could affect your pet. Notably, the breed may suffer from brachycephalic syndrome, which is common in short-nosed breeds and can lead to breathing difficulties.

It’s not unusual for Bulldogs to have issues with their skin; they may lose hair or have irritations. A detailed understanding of potential skin issues can be found in the article discussing why Bulldogs lose hair. Obesity is another concern; due to their build and love for food, managing their weight is crucial.

Hypothyroidism, characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, can also be prevalent and may require lifelong management. Bloat, or gastric dilation-volvulus, is a life-threatening situation in large chested breeds like the Aussie Bulldog where the stomach distends with gas and can twist. Immediate veterinary care is crucial in such scenarios.

Discussions on the ethics and genetics of breeding Bulldogs, especially in relation to health, can be further explored in an insightful analysis found within ethics and practice literature.

Preventative Care Tips

Regular check-ups at the vet can identify problems early on. Keep vaccines and parasite control up to date. A nutritious diet and regular exercise help maintain a healthy weight and lower the risk of obesity. Pay attention to your Bulldog’s breathing, and consult your vet if you notice any changes or difficulties. Regular grooming can help prevent skin problems before they start. Additionally, being informed about the specific needs and challenges faced by brachycephalic breeds is crucial, and valuable insights are accessible via resources discussing breeding and its impact on Bulldogs.

Exercise and Housing Needs

When you bring an Australian Bulldog into your life, exercise is key to maintaining their health and happiness. Unlike some other breeds, your Aussie Bulldog doesn’t require hours of intense activity, but they do benefit from daily moderate exercise. Aim for a couple of 15-minute walks daily to keep them fit. If you’re busy, a dog walker can be a great help to ensure your Bulldog gets the activity they need.

Exercise Needs:

  • Two 15-minute walks per day;
  • Playtime in a securely fenced yard; and
  • Mental stimulation with puzzles or training sessions.

While Australian Bulldogs can enjoy activities like swimming under supervision, always be cautious. Due to their stocky build and heavy heads, Bulldogs often find it challenging to stay afloat. Understand their limits, and make sure to supervise swim time closely, ensuring their safety — curious about Bulldogs and swimming? Read about Bulldogs’ aquatic abilities.

As for housing, Australian Bulldogs thrive in environments where they can stretch their legs and explore. A house with a yard is ideal, but they can adapt to apartment living as long as you meet their exercise requirements. Always provide a comfortable, climate-controlled place for them to rest after a playful day.

Housing Essentials:

  • Adequate shelter with temperature control;
  • Access to a yard or nearby park; and
  • Soft bedding for restful sleep.

Remember, Australian Bulldogs are sociable and love to be part of your daily life. Include them in your home routines, provide a cozy space for them to relax, and keep up with their walks to promote a happy and healthy companion.

Training and Socialization


The Australian Bulldog is known for its intelligence, making training a rewarding experience. You’ll find that with consistency and patience, your Aussie Bulldog can pick up commands rather quickly. It’s vital to start training early, as puppies are more responsive to learning.

Key Training Steps:

  • Consistency: Use the same commands and rewards.
  • Start with basic commands like sit, stay, and come.
  • Keep training sessions short but regular to maintain interest.

Socialization Needs

Socialization is crucial for Australian Bulldogs, particularly due to their strong protective instincts. You should introduce your bulldog to a variety of people, pets, and environments.

Socialization Tips:

  • Begin socialization early — ideally between 3 and 14 weeks old.
  • Expose them to different people and settings in a controlled manner.
  • Use positive reinforcement to associate new experiences with rewards.

Behavioral Training Tips

Australian Bulldogs can develop separation anxiety if left alone for too long due to their social nature. Implementing behavioral training early on will help prevent anxiety-related issues.

Behavioral Training Strategies:

  • Use crate training to create a safe space.
  • Gradually increase time spent alone to prevent separation anxiety.
  • Ensure proper exercise to mitigate destructive behaviors due to boredom or anxiety.

Remember: Training should be adjusted to fit the climate and living conditions. In very hot climates, for example, schedule training sessions during cooler hours to prevent overheating. Establishing a routine will help your Aussie Bulldog feel secure in their living environment and can stave off anxiety when you’re not around.

Diet and Nutrition

Dietary Needs

Your Australian Bulldog has specific dietary requirements to maintain good health. High-quality dog food, either commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your vet’s supervision, is essential. Ensure the diet is suited to your dog’s age, size, and activity level. Protein should be the cornerstone of the diet, with an emphasis on meats.

Feeding Schedule

You should feed your Australian Bulldog twice a day. Puppies require more frequent feedings, up to four times daily. Consistent mealtimes help prevent obesity, a common issue with this breed. Portion control is vital, so be sure to measure food and not free-feed.

Special Dietary Considerations

Keep an eye on your dog’s weight to lessen the impact of obesity-related health concerns. Introducing probiotics into your dog’s diet can support digestive health. Look for foods that include probiotic ingredients or consider a supplement. Always consult with a vet before altering the diet or adding new supplements.

Remember, while treats can be a valuable training aid, they should not make up more than 10% of your Australian Bulldog’s daily calories. Fresh, clean water should be available at all times, and monitoring your dog’s hydration is as crucial as their food intake.

Grooming Needs

Grooming Frequency

You’ll find that Australian Bulldogs are relatively easy to groom compared to other breeds. Their smooth, short coat requires only a weekly brushing to remove loose hair. However, be mindful of their wrinkles; these should be cleaned regularly to prevent dirt and oils from causing irritation.

Grooming Tools

For your Aussie Bulldog, you’ll need a few basic tools:

  • Brush: A soft bristle brush or grooming mitt will suffice.
  • Wrinkle Cleaner: You can use a damp cloth or a canine wrinkle cream.
  • Ears and Eyes: A gentle cleanser recommended by your vet is essential.
  • Nail Clippers: For their nail clipping, a pair of pet nail clippers or a grinder.
  • Toothbrush: A dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste for dental care.

Grooming Tips

Keeping up with maintenance is key. Those wrinkles can trap moisture and dirt, so clean them a few times a week. Check their ears for debris and clean them as needed to prevent infections. Bright, clear eyes are a sign of good health, so gently wipe away any discharge with a soft, damp cloth.

For their dental care, brushing your Bulldog’s teeth a couple of times a week will help prevent dental disease and keep their breath fresh. Lastly, their nails should be trimmed regularly, about once a month, to keep them from getting too long, which can be uncomfortable and even painful for your dog to walk on.

Care Requirements

When it comes to taking care of your Australian Bulldog, also known as the Australasian Bosdog, it’s important to know they have specific needs.


Your Aussie Bulldog will need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Aim for at least 30 minutes of walking every day. If you can’t make the time, consider hiring a dog walker to help.


They’re fairly easy to groom. A weekly brush to remove loose hair and an occasional bath will keep your bulldog looking their best. Regular nail trimming and ear cleaning are also important.


Keep an eye out for signs of obesity, which is common in the breed. Provide a balanced diet and avoid overfeeding. Supplementing with probiotics might support their digestive health.


These dogs prefer moderate climates, but keep in mind they can be sensitive to extreme heat or cold. Ensure they have a comfortable living conditions that protects them from harsh weather.

Separation Anxiety:

Australian Bulldogs can develop separation anxiety. Make sure they have toys and maybe another pet companion to keep them company when you’re not around.

Here’s a quick checklist for you:

  • Exercise Requirements:
    • Daily walks (30 mins)
    • Playtime for mental stimulation
  • Grooming Needs:
    • Weekly brushing
    • Monthly bathing
    • Nail trimming and ear cleaning as needed
  • Health and Diet:
    • Balanced meals, controlled portions
    • Regular vet check-ups
  • Environmental Considerations:
    • Comfortable living space, away from extreme temperatures
    • Companionship to reduce anxiety

By meeting these care requirements, you’ll help ensure your Australian Bulldog leads a full and healthy life.

Cost of Ownership

When you’re thinking about welcoming an Australian Bulldog into your home, it’s important to be aware of the financial commitment involved. This breed, also known as the Aussie Bulldog or Australasian Bosdog, comes with various costs that you should consider.

Initial Cost (Aussie Bulldog Puppy Price)

Purchasing an Australian Bulldog puppy from a reputable breeder in Australia can cost between AUD 2,500 to AUD 4,000. Prices may vary depending on the breeder’s reputation, location (like Perth or Sydney), and the litter’s bloodline. Ensure you’re getting a healthy pup by choosing ethical breeders who provide health clearances.

  • Puppy Purchase: AUD 2,500 – AUD 4,000

Ongoing Costs

After bringing your puppy home, ongoing expenses are a big part of responsible pet ownership. Here’s a breakdown of what you can expect:

  • Food: High-quality dog food tailored to bulldog breeds is crucial for good health. Budget around AUD 60 – AUD 80 per month.
  • Veterinary Care: Regular check-ups, vaccinations, and unexpected health issues mean setting aside about AUD 500 – AUD 800 annually.
  • Pet Insurance: To cushion vet costs, insurance might cost you AUD 20 – AUD 50 per month.

Other costs include grooming, toys, kennel, and training sessions, which vary according to your choices and lifestyle but are integral to your Aussie Bulldog’s well-being.

Remember, owning a dog is a long-term commitment, and the Aussie Bulldog, with its loyal and affectionate nature, deserves your careful planning and love. Whether you’re in Sydney, Perth, or anywhere in Australasia, these costs are part of the journey in providing a happy, healthy home for your new furry friend.

Adoption and Buying Tips

Where to Adopt/Buy

When you’re looking to adopt or buy an Australian Bulldog, a good starting point is registered breeders or breeding clubs. Ensure they adhere to ethical breeding practices and uphold the standards of breeding associations.

What to Look for in a Breeder

An ethical breeder will:

  • Provide accurate information about their dogs.
  • Show you proof of required health checks for the sire and dam.
  • Vaccinate and microchip puppies before adoption.
  • Allow puppies to leave only after they are 8 weeks old.
  • Furnish registration certificates for all puppies.

Be wary if a breeder is reluctant to share any of this information.

Choosing the Right Puppy/Dog

When selecting an Australian Bulldog, consider the following:

  • Age: Puppies must be at least eight weeks old before they can be taken home.
  • Health: Puppies should have up-to-date vaccination records and a microchip.
  • Litters: Observe the conditions in which the litters are raised.
  • Avoid overly frequent breeding from any single bitch.

Ethical Breeding Practices

Ethical breeders follow strict guidelines to maintain the health and welfare of their dogs, which includes:

  • Regular health checks by a vet.
  • Not breeding dogs with known health issues.
  • Responsibly managing the number of litters a bitch has.

Remember, supporting responsible breeding practices ensures healthier dogs and a more rewarding pet ownership experience.

Breed-Specific Considerations

Climate Suitability

Australian Bulldogs, known affectionately as Aussie Bulldogs, are pretty robust. However, like all breeds, they have specific needs you should consider when it comes to climate. If you’re in Australasia, particularly Perth or Sydney, you’ll find that the Aussie Bulldog can handle these climates. But remember, they can be sensitive to extreme heat due to their shorter snouts, so it’s essential to keep them cool on particularly hot days.

Compatibility with Lifestyle

You might wonder if the Aussie Bulldog will fit into your life. Good news: they’re known for being lovable and adaptable, which makes them great companions whether you’re a jogger or more of a couch potato. This breed values being part of your daily routine and will enjoy being involved with your household activities.

Special Needs

Before bringing an Australian Bulldog into your home, it’s vital to know about their special needs.

  • Health checks: Regular vet check-ups are a must to keep them in tip-top shape.
  • Exercise: They need moderate exercise; too little and they could put on weight, too much and they might overexert themselves.
  • Training: Start training early! They’re intelligent but can have a stubborn streak.
  • Breeding: If you’re thinking about breeding, always go to reputable breeders, especially those knowledgeable about the breed in Australasia.

Keep these points in mind when choosing an Aussie Bulldog, and you’ll be on the right track to a happy life together.

50 Best Names for An Aussie Bulldog

When you’re picking a name for your Aussie Bulldog, you want something that matches their strong yet lovable personality. Here’s a list of names that might just be the perfect match for your new furry friend.


  1. Tank – Strong and solid, just like your bulldog.
  2. Oscar – For the pup with a winning spirit.
  3. Bruno – A name that’s as powerful as your dog.
  4. Archie – Perfect for a friendly and energetic Aussie Bulldog.
  5. Gus – Short and sweet, and it sticks easily.


  1. Bella – Beautiful and timeless, like your female bulldog.
  2. Daisy – For a pet as fresh and cheerful as the flower.
  3. Ruby – A gem of a name for your precious girl.
  4. Molly – Cute and classic, you can’t go wrong with Molly.
  5. Lola – This fun and sassy name will suit a spunky pup.


  1. Sydney – After the iconic Australian city.
  2. Matilda – As in “Waltzing Matilda”, the Aussie folk song.
  3. Bondi – Like the popular Bondi Beach, for a dog that loves water.
  4. Jackaroo – Represents an Aussie cowboy, perfect for an adventurous dog.
  5. Sheila – An Australian slang term for a woman, cute for a girl bulldog.

Unique and Cool:

  1. Axel – Strong and unique, just like your bulldog.
  2. Phoenix – For a dog with a fiery spirit.
  3. Zara – Stylish and different, for a standout pet.
  4. Blaze – For a bulldog with a fiery streak.
  5. Cleo – Short for Cleopatra, royal and regal.

Cutesy and Sweet:

  1. Biscuit – For a sweet, golden-coated bulldog.
  2. Cupcake – Because your pet is as sweet as dessert.
  3. Pebbles – Great for a smaller bulldog with a big personality.
  4. Butters – For a bulldog with a buttery-smooth coat.
  5. Jellybean – Colorful and playful, just like your pet’s personality.

Tough and Bold Names:

  1. Rex – For a bulldog with a king-like demeanor.
  2. Rocky – Tough as rocks, this is a classic strong dog name.
  3. Harley – A cool name for a dog with a lot of attitudes.
  4. Bruiser – Suits a bulldog that’s tough on the outside but soft on the inside.
  5. Thor – Naming your pet after a Norse god speaks volumes about their strength.

Remember, when choosing a name, consider your Aussie Bulldog’s unique traits, appearance, and personality. The right name will just click for you and your pup!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

When you’re considering adding an Aussie Bulldog to your family, you likely have a lot of questions. Let’s get straight into the most common ones to give you a clearer picture of this unique breed.

How big do Aussie Bulldogs generally get?

Australian Bulldogs are a medium-sized breed. Males can weigh between 60-78 pounds and females between 50-61 pounds, generally reaching a height of 18-20 inches at the shoulder.

What’s the difference between an Australian Bulldog and an English Bulldog?

The main difference lies in their physical structure and health. Australian Bulldogs have a more elongated muzzle, which reduces breathing problems. They also have a slightly leaner body and longer legs, providing greater agility than their English Bulldog counterparts.

What types of breeds are mixed to create an Australian Bulldog?

The Australian Bulldog’s lineage includes the English Bulldog, Boxer, and the Bullmastiff. This mix is intended to create a healthier and more athletic dog that retains the bully breed appearance.

Is it common for Australian Bulldogs to show aggression?

Not typically. Aussie Bulldogs are known for their friendly and loyal nature. However, like any breed, their temperament is shaped by genetics, upbringing, and socialization. It’s important to train them early on to encourage positive behavior.

Where can I find reputable Australian Bulldog breeders in the USA?

You’ll want to do thorough research to find a breeder with a good track record. Look for breeders who prioritize health and temperament and who can provide health clearances for the puppies’ parents.

Should I buy an Aussie Bulldog or consider adopting one?

This is a personal choice. Buying from a reputable breeder ensures knowledge of the dog’s genetic history. Adoption is a great option too, often providing a loving home to a dog in need. Either way, ensure you’re prepared for the commitment an Aussie Bulldog requires.

Final Thoughts

When you consider bringing an Australian Bulldog into your life, you’re looking at a buddy that’s loyal, affectionate, and full of character. They’re pretty adaptable to different living situations, which is great if you’re not in a house with a big backyard. But remember, even though they’re chill, your Aussie Bulldog still needs regular exercise to stay healthy.

  • Exercise: About 30 minutes a day
  • Suitability: Families, singles, and seniors
  • Space: Adapts to apartments or houses

You’ve got to be on the ball with training and socialization, though. Start from puppyhood — if you do, you’re likely to end up with a well-behaved dog that’s solid as a rock around other pets and kids. And because of their brachycephalic nature (that’s the flat face they’ve got), keep an eye on them during hot weather — they can get overheated real quick.

  • Training: Start early; keep it consistent
  • Socialization: Crucial for a well-rounded dog
  • Health: Watch for overheating

Your Australian Bulldog’s diet? It’s pretty straightforward, but you want to avoid giving them too much, as they can put on extra pounds easily. Regular check-ups with the vet will help you keep on top of any health issues that tend to affect this breed.

  • Diet: Balanced and measured
  • Health Checks: Regular vet visits

So, if you’re ready for a happy-go-lucky pal that’ll cuddle up on the couch as fast as they’ll scamper around the park, the Aussie Bulldog might just be your perfect match.

Tamsin de la Harpe

Tamsin de la Harpe, with a lively spirit and 15 years of experience in dog training and behavior, brings a unique flair to the team. Based in South Africa, she is deeply engaged in rehabilitating dogs, focusing on their mental and nutritional health. Tamsin's approach to dog behavior is hands-on and heartfelt, shaped by her life with her own dogs and horses. Her journey in canine behavior is ongoing, as she continues advanced studies in this field.

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